What & Where is Bukit Lawang?
Bukit Lawang is name of a village situated in west side of North Sumatra province on the edge Gunung Leuser National Park. Located 96 km north-west of Medan city With the distance of time 3 hours by car.
“Gunung“ means „mountain“, „Bukit“ means „the hill”, “Lawang“ means „door“ or „gate“ and therefore “Bukit Lawang” means „The hill which is the gateway to the mountain.“
Bukit Lawang is a popular tourist destination known for the largest animal sanctuary of Sumatran orangutan and is home to the Bohorok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center.
Mount Leuser National Park
Bohorok is only a small part of the 1 094 962 hectare of Mt. Leuser National Park. The magnificent rainforest of the park have become famous throughout the world as the harbor some of the most endangered and rare species on earth for example Sumatran Orangutan, Sumatran Rhinoceros and Rafflesia – the largest flower in the world. The park is inhabited by animals like the Great Argus Pheasant, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran Tiger and many species of primate. As for example Siamang which has an impressive far-reaching vocal display. The agile and pretty face Thomas leaf-monkey and long tailed macaques are also commonly seen. Totaly the park list have 285 species of bird, 90 of mammals, reptiles and 35 of amphibians. The park-flora contains some 3500 plant species and on each hectare of the lowland forest you can find amazing tree species.
Geologically there are several limestone formation along the foothills of the mountain, some with the beautiful caves. Long time ago where coral reefs which have since been uplifted from the sea at rate of few millimeters per year by the process of colliding ocean floors and drifting continents. These infinitely slow collision and the enormous forces involved have led to the formation of high mountain and volcanic zones. Only some 1800 years ago during glacial times.
The peaks of the park, Mt. Leuser, Mt. Kemiri and others were still covered by glaciers snow and ice, sea level at that time was more than 80 m lower than at present and the island of Sumatra, Java and Borneo then formed one huge land mass which was connected via Malaysia to the Asian Mainland.